Liver Cancer in Young People: What Leads to its Development?

Rising Tide of Young Liver Cancer: The Impact of Unhealthy Lifestyles and Environmental Factors on Early Detection and Treatment

The rising rate of liver cancer in young people can be attributed to a combination of unhealthy lifestyle choices and environmental factors. According to Dr. Vu Truong Khanh, Head of the Department of Gastroenterology at Tam Anh General Hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam has seen an increase in liver cancer cases, with about 24,500 new cases in 2022.

The trend of liver diseases affecting younger individuals has been observed due to factors such as smoking, excessive drinking, poor diet, environmental pollution, lack of exercise, and inadequate sleep habits. Alcohol abuse can lead to fatty liver disease, hepatitis, cirrhosis, and ultimately liver cancer. Dr. Khanh emphasized the serious consequences of prolonged alcohol consumption and cited cases of cirrhosis complicated by esophageal bleeding in patients who have consumed alcohol excessively over time.

Obesity and genetic factors can also contribute to the development of liver cancer, especially in young individuals who consume processed foods high in fat and salt. These unhealthy lifestyle choices put additional strain on the liver.

Early detection is crucial for effective treatment and improved outcomes for liver cancer patients. However, initial symptoms may present as nonspecific like fatigue, yellow urine, and liver discomfort making it challenging to diagnose if left untreated it can progress to more advanced stages with severe symptoms such as itching, jaundice weight loss pain in upper abdomen enlarged liver ascites.

Regular screening is recommended for individuals at high risk of liver cancer including those with a family history of the disease viral infections hepatitis cirrhosis obesity or diabetes early detection allows prompt intervention such as microwave ablation radiofrequency ablation or surgical removal tumors which can improve chances successful outcome adopting healthy eating habits avoiding smoking excessive alcohol consumption maintaining a healthy weight exercising regularly receiving hepatitis vaccinations can help reduce risk liver diseases includingliver cancer

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