A new report released Monday has revealed that almost half of the world’s migratory species are decreasing in population. This puts birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks, and other migratory animals at risk of extinction due to reasons such as habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change.
Lead author of the report, Kelly Malsch from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), highlighted the importance of stopover sites for migratory species. These areas are crucial for rest and refuelling during long journeys and provide vital breeding grounds for many species.
Migration is a crucial element of the survival of some species, but endangering this process could lead to their extinction. The report relied on data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
At a meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, participants will review proposals for conservation measures and consider adding new species to the lists of concern. These decisions are crucial as one country alone cannot save any of these species.
During the meeting, eight South American governments are planning to propose adding two species of declining Amazon catfish to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting the Amazon River basin is essential for their survival as it is the largest freshwater system in the world.
In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal Canada. The report calls upon all nations to take action to protect these valuable creatures before it’s too late.